Water, Sanitation, and Education Work Wonders for Tanzania!
Only 50 percent of Tanzania’s population of 53 million have access to an improved source of safe water, and only 34 percent of Tanzania’s population has access to improved sanitation. Rural areas in particular are generally very poor, with around one third of the rural population classified as living below the poverty line. Due to the hot, dry climate, safe water is scarce and growing food is difficult. Over 3,000 children under five die every year due to diarrheal diseases caused by poor water and sanitation in Tanzania.
This Waterworks for a Thirsty World project focuses on the community in Rorya, Tanzania. Rorya is poor rural area, with limited water supply and lack of sanitation facilities. 95.1% of the population in Rorya lives in rural areas. 49.7% of the population is children under 14 years old. The community in Rorya faces the following challenges:
1. Lack of safe and clean water sources. Use of contaminated sources result in incidences of water borne disease such as diarrhea and cholera.
2. Lack of public toilets to serve the public areas. Most communities in Rorya don't own toilets. It's estimated only 2-3 families out of 10 own toilets. Open defecation compromises public health and causes diseases and deaths in Rorya.
3. Poor Sanitation and Hygiene education programs in Primary and Secondary Schools. Lack of education results in poor sanitation and inappropriate hygiene behaviour. It's estimated that 94% of the causes of diarrhoeal disease are attributed to environmental factors, which include unsafe drinking water, poor sanitation and hygiene. These are a major cause of mortality for children under five. School aged children who spend long hours in school in often cramped spaces with limited ventilation, where hand-washing facilities and toilets are sub-standard are also very susceptible to water and sanitation related diseases.
Working with our local partner, we've built a bore hole to produce a much needed source of clean water and began constructing eco-friendly and sustainable microflush public toilets in various villages Also included in the project is WASH training at various primary schools. The aim is to reduce diseases and deaths associated with water scarcity and lack of sanitation. Over the next 3-4 years we plan to build 2 more bore holes, build a total of 26 sustainable microflush toilets for 26 villages and introduce hygiene training in 3 primary schools and 1 secondary school.
Each of these programmes will also be supported with community education to ensure the initiatives are well accepted and implemented successfully. Training will be given to village leaders on how to maintain and administer the public water supply and toilets. A cooperative will be instituted to manage the resources and is designed to also be income generating for the villages. Teachers in primary and high schools will be trained in washing, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and health education, so that they can transfer the knowledge to the children. 26 social workers will be trained to educate the community on basic health, hygiene and sanitation in the 26 villages where the microflush toilets will be installed.
Our Project Manager, Eddie Ozols was on hand to witness the official opening of the borehole and the first microflush village toilet, during his projects visit in October 2018.
We are excited to back this strategic and multi-pronged approach to improving community health and lives for the long term with your help.
To read about other Waterworks 2018 project updates click here.